Strabismus is also known as a condition called “cross-eyed”. It is a condition that occurs when the eyes are not aligned. What is occurring is an abnormal deviation in sight. In addition to the condition “crossed Eyes” other deviations include: esotropia; hypotropia; squint; wall-eyed; misalignment of the eyes. The obvious is there is an alignment condition where the muscles of the eye are not parallel. The eyes are not focused in the same direction as sight should be.
SURGERIES THAT CAN CORRECT THIS PROBLEM:
Strabismus surgery in children applies various procedures whereby the child is able to attain straight eyes.
* Muscle Surgery – where the muscles are reattached due to misalignment
* Botox injections = (Botulinum Toxin A) This procedure works when muscle surgery has failed. A light anesthetic is given and no incisions are made.
* Adjustable Stutres – During this procedure the eye is readjusted or positioned after surgery and during the recovery period.
REASONS WHY A CHILD MAY DEVELOP STRABISMUS:
* When the eyes try to compensate for vision problems.
* Illnesses tend to affect muscles and nerves of the eye.
* Downs Syndrome
* Premature Birth
* Head injuries
* Weakened eye muscles
* Brain injury
* Inflammation of the retina in premature birth.
* Apert Syndrome
* Cerebral Palsy
* Congenital Rubella
* Noonan Syndrome
* Prader-Willi Syndrome
* Trisomy 18
OPTIONS TO TREATMENT WITHOUT SURGERY:
* Prescription glasses.
* Use of eye patches
* Eye Exercises to strengthen eye muscles
This condition occurs early in childhood. The affect of the illness is equal in boys and girls. The condition is either intermittant or constant. This is a pediatric condition in which children are born with the problem. Eyes should focus in a parallel position and when this does not happen various means to correct as indicated are applied.
With surgery a general anesthetic is given. The child cannot receive anything by mouth within an eight hour period. The eyelids are retracted and a small opening is made into the conjunctiva. The muscle that is problematic is sutured. Within two days the child, if school-aged, is able to return to school. With this surgical procedure pain is minimal. The child is usually prescribed tylenol for pain.
As with any surgery procedures, there are risks. With this procedure, however, risks are minimal. Complications that may exist includes:
* Soreness of the eyes
* Redness of the eyes
* Infection within the eye
* Bleeding within the eye
* Corneal Abrasion
* Decreased vision
* Complications as a result of anesthesia.